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LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL,
QUESTIONING YOUNG PEOPLE
GENDER DIVERSE YOUNG PEOPLE
RESOURCES AND REFERENCES
Asexual: A lack of sexual attraction to other people or interest in sexual activity.
Biphobia: Fear and hatred of people who identify as bisexual or are attracted to people
of more than one gender identity. Biphobia can come from both heterosexual and gay
and lesbian communities.
Bisexual: Refers to a person who is emotionally and/or sexually attracted to people of
more than one gender identity.
Brotherboy: A term used in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities to describe
a person assigned female gender at birth, but who is masculine and lives as a man. Use
and spelling of the term Brotherboy may var y across different groups and communities
and other cultures will use different terms to describe gender diversity.
Cisgender: Describes a type of gender identity where an individual’s self-perception of
their gender matches the sex they were assigned at birth.
Coming out: The process of disclosing sexuality or gender identity to family and friends.
People are used to hearing the term coming out in relation to disclosure about sexuality,
but when a person tells others about their gender identity or starts to express the gender
identity they are comfortable with, this is also coming out or ‘coming in’ to a new way of being.
Coming out is not a one-off experience, but occurs each time a person meets someone new
and decides to tell them that they are LGBTQ. For those who challenge conventional gender
norms, it may be something they do almost ever y time they enter a public space.
Gay: A term mostly used to describe men whose primar y emotional and sexual attraction
is towards other men. However, it can be used to describe both men and women who are
attracted towards people of the same sex.
Gender: Gender refers to a person’s deep and personal sense of being masculine or
feminine, both or neither. A person’s gender expression refers to the outward signs they
present to the world around them. This includes their name, use of pronouns, their style of
dress and outward appearance, their mannerisms and their hobbies and interests. Gender
is considered a social categor y that is not necessarily related to a person’s biological sex.
Gender dysphoria: Is a formal diagnosis used by physiologists or physicians that
describes people whose gender identity is different from the one ascribed to them at birth.
The development of a formal diagnosis for gender dysphoria is impor tant as it ensures
treatment access for people who undergo hormone therapy, surger y or counselling to
suppor t their gender transition. As a categor y, gender dysphoria is different from gender
non-conformity or gender diversity, as it describes the presence of clinically-significant
distress associated gender dissatisfaction.28
Gender diverse: A term used to describe people whose gender expression differs from
stereotypic expectations. The terms gender variant, gender atypical, gender fluid, gender
questioning or gender queer are also used.
Gender expression: Relates to how a person chooses to show and communicate their
gender identity to others through their name, use of pronoun, clothing, hair styles,
mannerisms, activities and hobbies.
Gender identity: A person’s inner sense of being male or female, combination of both
LGBTIQ: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex or queer and questioning.
Heteronormative: Describes the ways that heterosexuality is viewed as the norm for all
people in society. Heteronormativity describes a hierarchy where attitudes and practices
that affirm heterosexuality are seen as better than those that don’t. For example, believing
that marriage should only be between a man and a woman is a heteronormative view.
Heterosexism: The assumption that ever y person is heterosexual and that all other
sexualities are ‘wrong’ or do not exist. Heterosexuality is considered the norm from which
all other positions are judged as different, secondar y or ‘other’.
Homophobia: Is a term describing the fear and hatred of people who are not
heterosexual and of their sexual desires and practices.
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